Crystal Trade Names

Posted by Emma Dearnaley on

Most names given to crystals and minerals are in reference to their colour, geographical location or mineral content, such as Lithium Quartz, which is so named because it contains Lithium. Blue Calcite is named after the colour. Sichuan Quartz is so called after the Sichuan Province in which is it found.

However there are a lot of crystals which are known by multiple names, either to more accurately describe a particular variety of a mineral, or more make it more appealing to a particular market, often with the aim of driving the price up. It can be extremely confusing to new and experienced buyers alike when a new mineral or crystal appears on the market, only to find out that it's just a fancy new name for a well known one.

Below is a guide to some of the most commonly used names, and what they relate to in geological terms:

Adelaide Ruby - actually a Garnet found in Adelaide, Australia

African Jade - also known as Transvaal Jade, this is actually a type of Grossular Garnet

Alaska Black Diamond - a strange name for Hematite

Amazez - trademarked name for Chevron Amethyst

Amazon Jade - actually Amazonite, not a Jade at all

Amethyst Zebra Stone - dark Chevron Amethyst with bands of white Quartz

Andara Crystals - these are actually just slag glass

Angel Phantom Quartz - a trade name for Amphibole Quartz

Angel Wing Quartz - a trade name for Amphibole Quarz

Aqualite - Apatite in Quartz

Aquatine Lemurian Calcite - a translucent sea blue Calcite. Trademarked by Robert Simmons 

Atlantisite - a mixture of Serpentine and Stichtite

Aura Quartz - natural Quartz crystals bonded with precious metals in a vacuum chamber to produce a metallic coating

Auralite 23 - a trademarked name for a variety of usually low quality Amethyst from Canada said to contain 23 different minerals, however many contain between 2-7 different minerals.

Azezulite - quartz crystals with no special defining mineral content. Trademarked by Robert Simmons.

Blue Moon Quartz - a trade name for Dumortierite in Quartz

Bolivianite - may refer to Ametrine, or a mixture of purple Fluorite and green Serpentine

Bumblebee Jasper - a mixture of Calcite, Realgar, Pyrite, Arsenic and Orpiment

Calligraphy Stone a fossil Jasper, also known as Script Stone

Cherry Quartz - usually smelt coloured glass

Chevron Amethyst - purple Amethyst with bands of White Quartz

Chicken Bone Jade - pale beige/brown Nephrite Jade

Chinese Charoite - purple Fluorite

Chinese Writing Stone - black igneous rock with feldspar inclusions

Chrysanthemum Stone - black rock with white Celestite or Calcite inclusions

Colorado Jade - Amazonite

Common Citrine - heat treated Amethyst. See our article on Citrine for more information!

Crackle Quartz - Clear Quartz which has been super heated and super cooled to crack it

Cradle of Humankind - Agate from South Africa

Crocodile Jasper - another name for Kambaba Jasper, which is actually a volcanic Rhyolite, not a jasper or a fossil.

Crop Circle Flint - flint that has supposedly been found in crop circles

Dianite Jade  - a blue rock incorrectly marketed as Blue Jade

Dragon Stone - a mixture of green Epidote and red Piemonite

Dream Amethyst - Amethyst with white Quartz

Dream Quartz - can refer to either Actinolite in Quartz, Epidote in Quartz or Shamanic Dream Quartz/Lodolite

Eclipse Stone - another trade name for Bumble Bee Jasper

Emeraldite - a trade name for Green Tourmaline

Falcons Eye - Red Tigers Eye (Heated)

Fire & Ice Quartz - also known as Crackle Quartz, this is super heated and cooled to produce the crackle effects

Fire Crackle Agate - Carnelian/red banded Agate which has been super heated

Fordite - a stone made up of layers of old car paint

Garden Quartz - commonly known as Lodolite, Shamanic Dream Quartz and Scenic Quartz. These are clear Quartz crystals with mossy looking inclusions

Goddess Stone - another name for Menilite

Golden Healer - Quartz crystals with iron staining

Green Turquoise - most likely Chalsoderite or Faustite, not real Turquoise

Harlequin Quartz - Clear Quartz with (usually) Lepidocrocite inclusions 

Hawks Eye - Blue Tigers Eye

Healerite - a light green Serpentine

Herkimer Diamond - bright, double terminated Clear Quartz crystals from Herkimer country, NY

Hilutite - Quartz with inclusions of Garnet, Zircon and Goethite

Himalayan Diamond - also known as Pakimer DIamonds, double terminated Quartz from the Himalayan mountains. Usually less clarity than Herkimers.

Inca Jade - Nephrite Jade with Pyrite inclusions

Inca Rose - another name for Rhodochrosite

Indian Jade - actually Green Aventurine

Infinite - a mixture of Serpentine and Chrysotile

K2 - a mixture of white granite with spots of blue Azurite, from the foothills of the K2 mountain

Kambaba Jasper -  another name for Crocodile Jasper, which is actually a volcanic Rhyolite, not a jasper or a fossil.

Korean Jade - green crystals such as Aventurine used in place of Jade

Kundalini Citrine/Kundalini Quartz - Citrine from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Lapis Lace Onyx - a combination of Scheelite, a tungsten ore, Blue Dolomite and Calcite.

Lemon Quartz - although some natural Lemon Quartz crystals exist (not Citrine), most are lab created irradiated Clear Quartz crystals

Lemurian Crystal - Quartz crystals with horizontal striations, or barcoding patterns

Lizardite - a trade name for Serpentine

Lunar Rose Quartz - a mix of Rose Quartz in dark grey quartz

Luxullianite - a granite rock

Malacholla - a mixture of Malachite and Chrysocolla

Merlinite - a name for a particular pattern of Dendritic Agate

Mexican Onyx - actually a banded Calcite

Moqui Marbles - also known by the name Boji Balls (trademarked) and Shaman Stones, these are iron and sandstone concretions

Mutton Fat Jade - white Nephrite

Mystic Merlinite - a new trade name for Indigo Gabbro

Nerchinsk Aquamarine - a misleading name for Blue Topaz

New Jade - a variety of Serpentine

Night Emerald - a misleading name for Peridot

Oregon Jade - a green Jasper

Pietersite - a mixture of Tigers Eye and Hawks Eye in Quartz

Pressed Amber - reconstituted Amber made by heating and pressing small Amber chips together

Quantum Quattro - a mixture found in Namibia, comprising Shattuckite, Dioptase, Malachite, Chrysocolla in Smoky Quartz

Que Sera - known by another name of Llanite, which is a variety of Rhyolite with blue Quartz crystals

Red Rabbit Quartz - a trade name for Amphibole Quartz

Sacred Heart - also known as Nzuri Moyo, this is a mixture of pink Rhodonite, green Epidote and Clinizoisite

Satyaloka Quartz - Quartz. Trademarked by Robert Simmons.

Scenic Quartz - commonly known as Lodolite, also as Shamanic Dream Quartz and Garden Quartz. These are clear Quartz crystals with mossy looking inclusions

Script Stone - a fossil Jasper, also known as Calligraphy Stone

Seraphinite - a variety of Clinochlore with a feathery, chatoyant appearance

Shamanic Dream Quartz commonly known as Lodolite, also as Scenic Quartz and Garden Quartz. These are clear Quartz crystals with mossy looking inclusions

Sieber Agate - blue slag glass from old copper mines in Germany

Sunset Sodalite - Sodalite with iron rich feldspar

Super Seven - a trademarked variety of Amethyst said to contain 7 different minerals.

Tiffany Stone - a mixture of purple Fluorite, Quartz, Bertrandite from the Brush Wellman Mines in Utah.

Transvaal Jade - another name for African Jade, which is actually a type of Grossular Garnet

Turquenite - usually dyed blue Howlite

Unakite - a mixture of Red Jasper and Green Epidote

Witches Finger - Quartz with various inclusions that may include Muscovite, Iron, Calcite, Feldspar or Zircon

Wyoming Jade - a trade name for Nephrite Jade


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